Nov 3 – 4, 2022
Europe/Prague timezone

Electrostatic and Electromagnetic fields as a knob to control nanofriction in nanostructured materials

Nov 4, 2022, 10:30 AM
atrium (IT4Innovations)



Studentská 6231/1B 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba
User's talk Users' talks Users' Talks IV


Dr Antonio Cammarata (Czech Technical University in Prague)


One of the main difficulties in the control of the nanoscale friction is represented by the complexity of non-equilibrium processes occurring in tribological contacts.
To understand the origin of the nanoscale friction and to design new tribological materials, we conduct quantum mechanical studies on Transition Metal Dichalcogenides and TiO2 surfaces, chosen as prototypical materials. We combine structural and dynamic information from group theory and phonon calculations with the electronic density characterization from orbital polarization, bond covalency and cophonicity analyses. We define a phonon-based method to identify and tune possible sliding paths, corresponding energy barriers and dissipation channels. The method allows to extract energy information from atomic force microscopy signals. We identify electrostatic and electromagnetic fields as possible external knobs which allow the fine tuning of the nanofrictional behaviour; the latter case corresponds to a new field of research named "photofriction". We finally formulate guidelines on how to engineer the intrinsic friction at the nanoscale in order to design novel materials with controlled tribological properties.
Thanks to the general formulation of the proposed analysis, the present outcomes can be promptly extended to the design of new materials with diverse applications beyond tribology.

Primary authors

Dr Antonio Cammarata (Czech Technical University in Prague) Prof. Tomas Polcar (Czech Technical University in Prague)

Presentation materials

There are no materials yet.